名詞;發音:sersh-oh-rare-ee

a writ (order) of a higher court to a lower court to send all the documents in a case to it so the higher court can review the lower court's decision. Certiorari is most commonly used by the U.S. Supreme Court, which is selective about which cases it will hear on appeal. To appeal to the Supreme Court one applies to the Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari, which it grants at its discretion and only when at least three members believe that the case involves a sufficiently significant federal question in the public interest. By denying such a writ the Supreme Court says it will let the lower court decision stand, particularly if it conforms to accepted precedents (previously decided cases).

上級法院如果決定要審理下級法院審理過的案件,而向下級法院調閱該案件的全部資料,稱之為調審令(Ceritiorari)

Writ of Ceritiorari 則是由申請人向上級法院提出"調審令請求",請求上級法院向下級法院提起調審令。

http://dictionary.law.com/default2.asp?typed=certiorari&type=1&submit1.x=50&submit1.y=6

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